In daily life, we often hear about the removal of the “four hazards”. The “four hazards” are flies, mosquitoes, mice, and cockroaches. These animals and insects often bring a lot of trouble to our lives, it is urgent to eliminate them! Today, the editor will study with everyone to prevent mosquitoes and mosquitoes
1. What infectious diseases can be transmitted by mosquitoes?
Mosquitoes can transmit malaria, Japanese encephalitis, yellow fever, dengue fever, chikungunya fever, Zika virus disease and other diseases. Among them, Zika virus disease is mainly transmitted by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. Aedes aegypti is distributed in China’s Hainan Province, southern Taiwan, Leizhou Peninsula in Guangdong Province, Xishuangbanna Prefecture, Dehong Prefecture and Lincang City in Yunnan Province; Aedes albopictus is distributed in Shenyang, Dalian, Liaoning Province in the north and west To Longxian County and Baoji City in Shaanxi Province, southwest to the first line of Medog, Tibet and most of the southeast side.
2. How to use mosquito repellent?
Spray and apply mosquito repellent to bare skin on the head, limbs, etc., especially behind the ears, neck and other parts. Avoid getting the medicine into the eyes and mouth. In general outdoor environment, apply mosquito repellent every 2-4 hours. Generally, commercial mosquito repellents with a pesticide registration certificate in China can be used on infants, but should not be used on infants less than 2 months old.
3. How to deal with mosquito bites?
In general, the treatment of mosquito bites is mainly to relieve itching, and you can apply cool oil and wind oil to relieve itching and anti-inflammatory. If local swelling, infection, fever, skin rash and other symptoms occur, you must go to the hospital in time.
4. After being infected with a mosquito-borne infectious disease, how to avoid spreading it to family and friends?
If you are bitten by a mosquito and have symptoms of discomfort, you should seek medical advice promptly, and take the initiative to take anti-mosquito isolation measures to avoid mosquito bites to prevent infection by family members and friends; try to avoid going out. If you go out, you must use mosquito repellent. Sleeve clothes and long trousers; screen doors and screen windows should be installed in the residence to prevent mosquitoes from entering.
5. How do households prevent mosquitoes?
Household mosquito control measures can be comprehensively controlled by physical and chemical methods. While removing stagnant water, installing screen doors and windows, and mosquito traps, mosquito coils and insecticidal aerosols can be used to repel mosquitoes and kill mosquitoes.
Treatment of mosquito larvae.
Installation of screen doors and screens: screen doors and screens can be installed in the room to prevent mosquitoes from entering directly. In the high-incidence period, the screens can be coated with residual insecticides for better results. Use mosquito nets during rest to reduce human exposure to mosquitoes.
Clear breeding grounds: The household vases and aquatic plants should be completely changed water at least once a week. The air-conditioning trays and the bottom plates (trays) of the flowerpots should be thoroughly cleaned of water, and the lids should be put on them. Check the floor drains in toilets and kitchens every week or replace safe floor drains with anti-seepage functions. Keep the floor drains free of water and spray insecticides frequently. Do not give mosquitoes living space, and the trash can should be covered.
Use all kinds of sanitary insecticides correctly: use mosquito coils, follow the instructions to repel mosquitoes and kill mosquitoes, and place mosquito coils in a ventilated place upwind. You can also use insecticidal aerosol to kill mosquitoes. When using insecticidal aerosol, try not to spray directly on clothing, sheets, furniture, and skin. Before spraying, store food and tableware. It is best to close doors and windows for half an hour after spraying. To 1 hour, then open the window to ventilate.
Excessive spraying of insecticidal aerosol will be toxic to the human body, so you must pay attention to safety when using insecticidal aerosol at home. Do not let infants and young children touch it. If you accidentally spray the liquid on the skin, wash it in time .
6. How do enterprises, institutions and communities prevent mosquitoes?
The treatment of breeding grounds is an important basis for the prevention and control of mosquitoes, and it is necessary to extensively carry out mass sanitation campaigns to remove mosquito breeding grounds. On the basis of comprehensive management of breeding areas, rational use of various biological and chemical pesticides.
Removal of breeding grounds: It mainly includes the removal of all kinds of waste and debris, thoroughly cleaning all bottles, buckets, basins and other containers that may accumulate water in front of and behind the house, and store the empty containers upside down to prevent mosquitoes from breeding. All kinds of community outdoor landscape water bodies such as bonsai, fountains, fish ponds, etc., should be completely cleaned of garbage floating objects, and the water should be changed frequently. Ditches and manholes in the community should be dredged regularly.
Drainage ditches should be kept free of water. Wells should be sealed. Mosquito stickers can be used for manhole covers. Basements should be checked regularly to remove stagnant water in time to prevent mosquitoes from breeding. Drainage holes and pipes on the rooftops of residential buildings should be regularly dredged, and should be dredged in time after rain to avoid accumulation of water.
Biological control: large water bodies such as fountains and pools that cannot be discharged can adopt biological mosquito control methods to raise fish species that can swallow mosquito larvae such as wicker fish, goldfish, carp, carp, Chinese betta, African crucian, etc., to achieve mosquito control Purpose. Biological larvicides such as Bacillus thuringiensis or Bacillus sphaericus can also be used.
Chemical control: under the guidance of professional and technical personnel, carry out stagnant spraying on key parts to kill adult mosquitoes. For the stagnant water or water bodies that cannot be removed, the water wells, sewers, fountains and other outdoor landscape water bodies that cannot be sealed, use mosquito larvae to kill mosquito larvae. For places with high adult mosquito density, ultra-low volume spray or hot smoke can be used as space spray treatment during the peak hours of adult mosquito activity to quickly kill adult mosquitoes.
7. How to avoid mosquito bites when traveling?
Traveling out, especially in areas where Zika virus disease, dengue fever, chikungunya fever and yellow fever are endemic, should avoid infection by mosquito bites. Wear light-colored long-sleeved clothes and long trousers, and apply mosquito repellent to bare skin, especially behind the ears and neck; if possible, wear long-sleeved clothes that have been treated with pyrethroid insecticides (such as soaking) , Trousers and socks can be more effective protection; rent a hotel with good sanitary conditions, preferably with air conditioning.